Implementation Report – 2016

The fourth annual report of the Independent Expert on human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy, and sustainable environment described possible methods of implementing human rights obligations.

The report discusses three points: (1) the methods of implementation are not “either/or” alternatives, but instead should complement one another; (2) all of the methods of implementation for human rights norms relating to the environment would also support achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals; and (3) a human rights perspective on environmental protection not only promotes human dignity, equality and freedom, but also improves the effectiveness of policy making generally.

Possible methods of implementation described include: (a) disseminating information about the human rights norms relating to the environment; (b) building capacity; (c) protecting the rights of those who are most vulnerable; and (d) strengthening cooperation between different actors.

Implementation proposals are addressed to several organizations including: (a) the Human Rights Council and other intergovernmental organizations; (b) regional human rights bodies and other regional organizations; (c) Governments and national human rights institutions; (d) civil society organizations; and (e) the Special Rapporteur himself.